Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp becomes inflamed or
infected. The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes:
deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, or a crack or chip
in the tooth. In addition, a blow to a tooth may cause pulp damage even
if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If pulp inflammation or
infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess.
Signs of pulp damage include pain, prolonged sensitivity to heat or
cold, discoloration of the tooth, and swelling and tenderness in the
nearby gum. Sometimes, there are no symptoms.
How does endodontic treatment save the tooth?
endodontist removes the inflamed or infected pulp, carefully cleans and
shapes the inside of the tooth, then fills and seals the space.
Afterwards, you will return to your dentist, who will place a crown or
other restoration on the tooth to protect and restore it to full
function. After restoration, the tooth continues to function like any
Will I feel pain during or after the procedure?
Many endodontic procedures are performed to relieve the pain of toothaches caused by pulp inflammation or infection. With modern techniques and anesthetics, most patients report that they are comfortable during the procedure.
For the first few days after treatment, your tooth may feel sensitive, especially if there was pain or infection before the procedure. This discomfort can be relieved with over-the-counter or prescription medications. Follow your endodontist's instructions carefully.
Your tooth may continue to feel slightly different from your other teeth for some time after your endodontic treatment is completed. However, if you have severe pain or pressure that lasts more than a few days, call your endodontist.
What is the endodontic procedure?
Endodontic treatment can often be performed in one or two visits and involves the following steps:
1. The endodontist examines and x-rays the tooth, then administers local anesthetic. After the tooth is numb, the endodontist places a small protective sheet called a "dental dam" over the area to isolate the tooth and keep it clean and free of saliva during the procedure.
2. The endodontist makes an opening in the crown of the tooth. Very small instruments are used to clean the pulp from the pulp chamber and root canals and to shape the space for filling.
3. After the space is cleaned and shaped, the endodontist fills the
root canals with a biocompatible material, usually a rubber-like material called "gutta-percha." The guttaperch a is placed with an adhesive cement to ensure complete sealing of the root canals. In most cases, a temporary filling is placed to close the opening. The temporary filling will be removed by your dentist before the tooth is restored.
4. After the final visit with your endodontist, you must return to
your dentist to have a crown or other restoration placed on the tooth to
protect and restore it to full function.
If the tooth lacks sufficient structure to hold the restoration in
place, your dentist or endodontist may place a post inside the tooth.
Ask your dentist or endodontist for more details about the specific
restoration planned for your tooth.
This information has been provided by the American Association of Endodontists.